Breached websites & Apps, Information leakages.
A security/data breach is the intentional or unintentional security incident in which information was accessed without authorization. Release of secure or private/confidential information to public can hurt businesses and consumers in a many of ways.
Other reference: security compromise, data leak, information disclosure, information leakage, data spill.
List of all known breaches.
- In December 2017, the virtual keyboard application ai.type was found to have left a huge amount of data publicly facing in an unsecured MongoDB instance.
- In December 2017, the online Swiss DVD store known as dvd-shop.ch suffered a data breach. The incident led to the exposure of 68k email addresses and plain text passwords. The site has since been updated to indicate that it is currently closed.
- In December 2017, the website for purchasing Counter-Strike skins known as Open CS:GO (Counter-Strike: Global Offensive) suffered a data breach (address since redirects to dropgun.com). The 10GB file contained an extensive amount of personal information including email and IP addresses, phone numbers, physical addresses and purchase histories.
- In November 2017, the open television database known as TheTVDB.com suffered a data breach. The breached data was posted to a hacking forum and included 182k records with usernames, email addresses and MySQL password hashes.
- In October 2017, the genealogy website MyHeritage suffered a data breach. The incident was reported 7 months later after a security researcher discovered the data and contacted MyHeritage. In total, more than 92M customer records were exposed and included email addresses and salted SHA-1 password hashes.
- In March 2019, the Indonesian e-commerce website Bukalapak discovered a data breach of the organisation's backups dating back to October 2017. The incident exposed approximately 13 million unique email addresses alongside IP addresses, names and passwords stored as bcrypt and salted SHA-512 hashes.
- In April 2018, the Pokémon website known as Smogon announced they'd suffered a data breach. The breach dated back to September 2017 and affected their XenForo based forum. The exposed data included usernames, email addresses, genders and both bcrypt and MD5 password hashes.
- In approximately 2017, it's alleged that the Chinese gaming site known as TGBUS suffered a data breach that impacted over 10 million unique subscribers. Whilst there is evidence that the data is legitimate, due to the difficulty of emphatically verifying the Chinese breach it has been flagged as "unverified".
In August 2017, a spambot by the name of Onliner Spambot was identified by security researcher Benkow moʞuƎq. The malicious software contained a server-based component located on an IP address in the Netherlands which exposed a large number of files containing personal information.
- In August 2017, the crypto coin brokerage service Coinmama suffered a data breach that impacted 479k subscribers. The breach was discovered in February 2019 with exposed data including email addresses, usernames and passwords stored as MD5 WordPress hashes.
- In September 2017, news broke that Taringa had suffered a data breach exposing 28 million records. Known as "The Latin American Reddit", Taringa's breach disclosure notice indicated the incident dated back to August that year.
- In July 2017, the Czech Republic e-commerce site MALL.cz suffered a data breach after which 735k unique accounts including email addresses, names, phone numbers and passwords were later posted online.
In mid-2017, a spam list of over 105 million individuals in corporate America was discovered online. Referred to as "B2B USA Businesses", the list categorised email addresses by employer, providing information on individuals' job titles plus their work phone numbers and physical addresses. Read more about spam lists in HIBP.
- In June 2017, the online playlists service known as 8Tracks suffered a data breach which impacted 18 million accounts. In their disclosure, 8Tracks advised that "the vector for the attack was an employee’s GitHub account, which was not secured using two-factor authentication".
In June 2017, an unsecured database with more than 10 million VINs (vehicle identification numbers) was discovered by researchers. Believed to be sourced from US car dealerships, the data included a raft of personal information and vehicle data along with 397k unique email addresses.
- In May 2017, the restaurant guide website Zomato was hacked resulting in the exposure of almost 17 million accounts. The data was consequently redistributed online and contains email addresses, usernames and salted MD5 hashes of passwords (the password hash was not present on all accounts).
- In May 2017, font sharing site DaFont suffered a data breach resulting in the exposure of 637k records. Allegedly due to a SQL injection vulnerability exploited by multiple parties, the exposed data included usernames, email addresses and passwords stored as MD5 without a salt.
- In May 2017, the Bell telecommunications company in Canada suffered a data breach resulting in the exposure of millions of customer records.
- In May 2017, the education platform Edmodo was hacked resulting in the exposure of 77 million records comprised of over 43 million unique customer email addresses. The data was consequently published to a popular hacking forum and made freely available.
- In April 2017, the vBulletin forum for the Underworld Empire game suffered a data breach that exposed 429k accounts. The data was then posted to a hacking forum in mid-February 2018 where it was made available to download. The source data contained IP and email addresses, usernames and salted MD5 hashes.
- In March 2017, the Flash game based on the Yu-Gi-Oh trading card game Dueling Network suffered a data breach. The site itself was taken offline in 2016 due to a cease-and-desist order but the forum remained online for another year.
- In March 2017, the telemarketing service Health Now Networks left a database containing hundreds of thousands of medical records exposed.
- In March 2017, the French Flatsharing site known as Appartoo suffered a data breach. The incident exposed an extensive amount of personal information on almost 50k members including email addresses, genders, ages, private messages sent between users of the service and passwords stored as SHA-256 hashes. Appartoo advised that all subscribers were notified of the incident in early 2017.
- In March 2017, a file containing 8M rows of data allegedly sourced from data aggregator Factual was compiled and later exchanged on the premise it was a "breach". The data contained 2.5M unique email addresses alongside business names, addresses and phone numbers.
In March 2017, a 27GB database backup file named "Master Deeds" was sent to HIBP by a supporter of the project. Upon detailed analysis later that year, the file was found to contain the personal data of tens of millions of living and deceased South African residents.
- In 2016, the South African cinema company Ster-Kinekor had a security flaw which leaked a large amount of customer data via an enumeration vulnerability in the API of their old website. Whilst more than 6 million accounts were leaked by the flaw, the exposed data only contained 1.6 million unique email addresses.
- In approximately March 2017, the file sharing website Bolt suffered a data breach resulting in the exposure of 995k unique user records. The data was sourced from their vBulletin forum and contained email and IP addresses, usernames and salted MD5 password hashes. The site was previously reported as compromised on the Vigilante.pw breached database directory.
- In February 2017, the mobile device monitoring software developer Retina-X was hacked and customer data downloaded before being wiped from their servers. The incident was covered in the Motherboard article titled Inside the 'Stalkerware' Surveillance Market, Where Ordinary People Tap Each Other's Phones.
- In January 2017, the free hidden service host Freedom Hosting II suffered a data breach. The attack allegedly took down 20% of dark web sites running behind Tor hidden services with the attacker claiming that of the 10,613 impacted sites, more than 50% of the content was child pornography.